Nowadays people are very familiar with the term internet, even now it has become an inseparable part of everyday life both for education, research, and entertainment. No exception in the world of information search, many search engines can be used easily and quickly so that the information obtained is more and complete.
One source of information is a library that is now also based on information technology such as the internet. The internet in the library has begun to flourish in various types of libraries such as college libraries, national libraries, school libraries, etc. Searching library collections can also be accessed using the internet, for example, the encyclopedia.
Many online encyclopedias that we can access via the internet easily and quickly. Many of these online encyclopedias have recognized it and used it as a reference source in gathering various information with various descriptions of a subject that is quite complete. However, not all know how the development of the internet in the library is like the existence of a printed encyclopedia until the existence of this online encyclopedia. In this paper we will discuss the development of the internet in libraries which influences the search of library collections, one of which is the encyclopedia, several encyclopedia meanings, the history of encyclopedia development, and several examples of online encyclopedias.
Internet in the Library
The internet is a global network of various computer networks spread throughout the world. The internet won’t happen if there is no telecommunications network. This telecommunications network can use cable or fiber optics or through radio waves. At the mega network, millions of computers are connected either as a server or client. The virtual network is very complex and intertwined without any regulating authority. In computer data, text, sound, dead images and live images can be saved. Furthermore, through the internet, all types of data can be accessed, communicated, transmitted, or displayed. The internet can be analogous to the jungle, where all kinds of flora and fauna live, grow and develop. (Blasius Sudarsono, 2009: 181)
From the perspective of librarianship, the internet can be seen as an extension or continuation of the tradition of information gathering installed that has been going on since the 1960s. During the twenty years since its birth, this inter-net network functioned fundamentally as a tool for communicating between scientists who directly or indirectly involved librarians working in universities or in research centers. Until the 1990s, there were 4 common activities that were commonly carried out on the internet, and these four activities also involved librarians, namely:
- Use of e-mail to exchange information
- Sending digital files or computer programs from one computer to another via an FTP (File Transfer Protocol) facility
- Contact other computers to search for information provided openly through the telnet protocol.
- Join discussion groups using USENET facilities.
The four activities above are generally in the form of ‘office’ activities and are carried out by a small group of workers specifically assigned to it. The group of scientists involved is still small, and the things that are communicated between them are still limited. Indeed, electronic scientific communication has begun to experience changes thanks to the presence of giant databases offering integrated search services as discussed in the previous section. However, the internet has not played a role. It is precisely CD-ROM technology that first continues the growth of information services installed. Until 1994, internet facilities in the library were still a supporter of other activities, especially the activities of taking and sending documents and administrative contacts.